Laminar Flame Speeds of Preheated iso-Octane/O2/N2 and n-Heptane/O2/N2 Mixtures

Authors:   K. Kumar, J. E. Freeh, C. J. Sung, and Y. Huang

Direct link to the paper:   20814, 35400014716196.0210


Laminar flame speed measurements are carried out for premixed iso-octane/air and n-heptane/air mixtures under conditions of atmospheric pressure, equivalence ratios ranging from 0.7 to 1.4, and unburned mixture temperatures of 298, 360, 400, and 470 K using the counterflow flame technique. These experiments employ the digital particle image velocimetry technique to characterize the two-dimensional flow field upstream of the flame. As such, the reference stretch-affected flame speed and the imposed stretch rate can be simultaneously determined. By systematically varying the imposed stretch rate, the corresponding laminar flame speed is obtained by linearly extrapolating to zero stretch rate. In addition, the effect of nitrogen dilution level on the laminar flame speed is investigated by varying the nitrogen molar percentage in the oxidizer mixture from 78.5 to 80.5%. These results are further used for the determination of overall activation energies at different equivalence ratios. The experimental laminar flame speeds are subsequently compared with the computed values using two iso-octane reaction mechanisms and two n-heptane reaction mechanisms available in the literature, followed by discussion and sensitivity analysis.

Citation:   K. Kumar, J. E. Freeh, C. J. Sung, and Y. Huang, “Laminar Flame Speeds of Preheated iso-Octane/O2/N2 and n-Heptane/O2/N2 Mixtures,” Journal of Propulsion and Power 23 (2), 428-436 (2007).