Heat Transfer of Aviation Kerosene at Supercritical Conditions

Authors:   F. Q. Zhong, X. J. Fan, G. Yu, J. G. Li, and C. J. Sung

Direct link to the paper:   INIST : 21125, 35400017253445.0140


The heat transfer characteristics of China no. 3 kerosene were investigated experimentally and analytically under conditions relevant to a regenerative cooling system for scramjet applications. A test facility developed for the present study can handle kerosene in a temperature range of 300-1000 K, a pressure range of 2.6-5 MPa, and a mass flow rate range of 10-100 g/s. In addition, the test section was uniquely designed such that both the wall temperature and the bulk fuel temperature were measured at the same location along the flowpath. The measured temperature distributions were then used to analytically deduce the local heat transfer characteristics. A 10-component kerosene surrogate was proposed and employed to calculate the fuel thermodynamic and transport properties that were required in the heat transfer analysis. Results revealed drastic changes in the fuel flow properties and heat transfer characteristics when kerosene approached its critical state. Convective heat transfer enhancement was also found as kerosene became supercritical. The heat transfer correlation in the relatively low-fuel-temperature region yielded a similar result to other commonly used jet fuels, such as JP-7 and JP-8, at compressed liquid states. In the high-fuel-temperature region, near and beyond the critical temperature, heat transfer enhancement was observed; hence, the associated correlation showed a more significant Reynolds number dependency.

Citation:   F. Q. Zhong, X. J. Fan, G. Yu, J. G. Li, and C. J. Sung, “Heat Transfer of Aviation Kerosene at Supercritical Conditions,” Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer 23 (3), 543-550 (2009).