Catalytic Cracking and Heat Sink Capacity of Aviation Kerosene under Supercritical Conditions
Authors: X. J. Fan, F. Q. Zhong, G. Yu, J. G. Li, and C. J. Sung
Direct link to the paper: DOI: 10.2514/1.41966
Catalytic cracking of China no. 3 aviation kerosene using a zeolite catalyst was investigated under supercritical conditions. A three-stage heating/cracking system was specially designed to be capable of heating 0.8 kg kerosene to a temperature of 1050 K and pressure of 7.0 MPa with maximum mass flow rate of 80 g/s. Sonic nozzles of different diameters were used to calibrate and monitor the mass flow rate ofthe cracked fuel mixture. With proper experiment arrangements, the mass flow rate per unit throat area ofthe cracked fuel mixture was found to well correlate with the extent of fuel conversion. The gaseous products obtained from fuel cracking under different conditions were also analyzed using gas chromatography. Composition analysis showed that the average molecular weight of the resulting gaseous products and the fuel mass conversion percentage were a strong function of the fuel temperature and were only slightly affected by the fuel pressure. The fuel conversion was also shown to depend on the fuel residence time in the reactor, as expected. Furthermore, the heat sink levels due to sensible heating and endothermic cracking were determined and compared at varying test conditions. It was found that at a fuel temperature of ∼1050 K, the total heat sink reached ∼3.4 MJ/kg, in which chemical heat sink accounted for ∼1.5 MJ/kg.
Citation: X. J. Fan, F. Q. Zhong, G. Yu, J. G. Li, and C. J. Sung, “Catalytic Cracking and Heat Sink Capacity of Aviation Kerosene under Supercritical Conditions,” Journal of Propulsion and Power 25 (6), 1226-1232 (2009).