Dispersion and Catalytic Ignition of Hydrogen Leaks within Enclosed Spaces
Authors: K. B. Brady, C. J. Sung, and J. S. T’ien
Direct link to the paper: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.03.146
An experimental investigation is conducted into the nature of catalyticignition of leaked hydrogen gas within an enclosure, and the nature of hydrogendispersion under varied venting conditions. Using a 1/16th linear scale two-car garage as a model, and a platinum foil as a catalytic surface, it is found that for all conditions tested, catalyticignition is observed after the leaked hydrogen comes in contact with the catalytic surface, which is initially at or near room temperature. After ignition, these surface reactions lead to steady-state surface temperatures in the range of 600–800 K, dependent on inlet conditions in terms of mixture composition and flow rate. In addition, varying the venting opportunities from the garage walls suggests that not only total area, but also the number and position of vents may impact the nature of hydrogen accumulation within an enclosed structure.
Citation: K. B. Brady, C. J. Sung, and J. S. T’ien, “Dispersion and Catalytic Ignition of Hydrogen Leaks within Enclosed Spaces,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37 (13), 10405–10415 (2012).