Authors: T. Hirasawa,C. J. Sung, Z. Yang, A. Joshi, and H. Wang
Direct link to the paper: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2004.09.002
The critical sooting C/O ratio was measured for a series of atmospheric-pressure, laminarpremixedethylene–oxygen–argonflames doped with a small amount of ferrocene. Comparisons of the doped and undoped flames show marked increases in sooting tendency for flames doped with ferrocene. Under the same flame conditions, the critical C/O ratios in doped flames were uniformly lower than those of undoped flames. A five-step reaction mechanism of ferrocene decomposition, leading to the formation of the cyclopentadienyl, was proposed. Detailed kinetic modeling of the experimental flames showed little changes in the flame temperature and the aromatic concentration upon ferrocene doping. The experimental and computational results support the early suggestion that in premixedflames the increase in sooting tendency due to ferroceneaddition is the result of induced nucleation by iron oxide nanoparticles. These particles provide a surface to initiate soot surface growth.
Citation: T. Hirasawa,C. J. Sung, Z. Yang, A. Joshi, and H. Wang, “Effect of Ferrocene Addition on Sooting Limits in Laminar Premixed Ethylene/Oxygen/Argon Flames,” Combustion and Flame 139, 288-299 (2004).